Malay Sultanate of Perak, One of Successors of the Malay Sultanate of Malacca.
It has been one year since the Pakatan Rakyat Government fell from grace in Perak, after 10 months in office, to be replaced by the UMNO-led BN State government. The events and dramas surrounding the FALL, and the court battles that followed, will definitely add ‘curry and spices’ to the already RICH history of Perak Darul Ridhwan.
Perak is one of the oldest Malay states. Its documented history can be traced as far back to the 2nd century when the Malay Kingdom of Gangga Negara was well entrenched, covering areas of the present day Beruas, Dinding and Manjung, and stretching out to present day Ipoh and Sungai Siput.
At the height of the Malay Sultanate of Malacca, when Malacca became an empire covering the whole of the Malay Peninsula, Riau Archipelago and states along the east coast of Sumatra, Perak became part of the Malacca empire.
Despite the fall of ‘Malacca Harbour’ and town to the Portuguese in 1511, the Malacca empire remained intact. Sultan Mahmud Shah, the reigning Sultan first withdrew to Pahang, before moving on to upper Johor River, and later re-establish a new capital in Tanjung Pinang, island of Bintan, in Riau Archipelago, south of present day Singapore. From Riau, Sultan Mahmud organised waves and waves of attack to recapture Malacca, some involving sea battles in the straits of Malacca.
Portuguese attack on Riau itself forced Sultan Mahmud Shah to withdraw to Kampar in eastern Sumatra, from where he spent his final two years continuing to the attacks the Portuguese. He died in 1528, leaving behind living ‘Tales of Heroicm and Bravery’ to be passed down to younger generations. The bravery of Sultan Mahmud and his wife Tun Fatimah, made them legends in Kampar, where he was called Al-Marhum Kampar.
Sultan Mahmud Shah left behind a number of Putras and Putris. His first son, Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah 11 became the FIRST SULTAN of Johor, while his second son, Sultan Muzaffar, became the FIRST SULTAN of Perak. The existence of a town named Kampar in Perak, which exist until today, is a living prove of the historical link between Perak and Kampar, the last capital of the Malacca Empire.
The present Malay Sultanate of Perak is indeed one of the successors of the LEGENDARY Malay Sultanate of Malacca.