31st August 2011, the 54th anniversary of the independence of PERSEKUTUAN TANAH MELAYU, fell a day after the Hari Raya Aidil-Fitri. So much so, the INDEPENDENCE DAY celebrations were delayed to coincide with the MALAYSIA DAY celebrations on the 16th September 2011, the 48th anniversary of the formation of Malaysia.
Persekutuan Tanah Melayu consisted of 4 Federated Malay States of Selangor, Pahang, Perak and Negri Sembilan, 5 Unfederated Malay States of Kedah, Perlis, Kelantan, Terengganu and Johore, and 2 Straits Settlement States of Malacca and Penang. Persekutuan Tanah Melayu was established in 1948, to replace the British-imposed MALAYAN UNION. Malayan Union was bitterly opposed by the then politically-conscious Malays, who united under UNITED MALAYS NATIONAL ORGANISATION(UMNO) to force the British to rescind it two years after its introduction.
The establishment of Persekutuan Tanah Melayu was the results of intense negotiations involving the British, the Malay Rulers and UMNO, the principle stakeholders to the future of Tanah Melayu states. The other races resident in Persekutuan Tanah Melayu then were mainly IMMIGRANT CHINESE WORKERS working in the tin mines, and IMMIGRANT INDIAN WORKERS working in rubber plantations.
However, the IMMIGRANT CHINESE WORKERS were mainly members and supporters of the Malayan Communist Party(MCP), a branch of the Communist Party of China(CPC). MCP was formed in 1930s, and in the absence of other well-organised societies, had become the MOST SUPPORTED Chinese-based organisation. Prior to the Japanese occupation of Persekutuan Tanah Melayu in 1942, its principle activities were to recruit more MCP party members, and to collect donations to support war efforts of their MOTHERLAND China in its decades of Sino-Japanese war.
When the Japanese invaded Persekutuan Tanah Melayu in 1942, the Chinese, whose MOTHERLAND China had been at war with Japan, became principle targets of Japanese brutalities. Although the MCP was not involve in real armed battles against the Japanese, they took the side of the British, mainly to get British assistance in terms of money and weapons. Unlike the Malay regiment, whose members fought to their last man and last bullet in the final defense of Singapore, then the administrative capital of British ‘protectorate’ and ‘colonies’ in the Far East, there were no reported similar heroic acts against the Japanese by the members of MCP.
However, the MCP’s ‘flirtation’ with the British just before, during and after the Japanese occupation had allowed them to gather substantial assortment of arms, including those left behind by the British military when they withdrew to the FORTRESS SINGAPORE. And when the British air-dropped arms to the jungle of Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, in their preparation to regain the Federation, the MCP did help themselves by ‘hijacking’ substantial caches of arms for themselves…for future use.
It was NO SURPRISE that during the two-week period after the Japanese surrender and the British ‘re-occupation force’ landing, MCP were swift in their takeover of several major towns in Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, swift in forming ‘local authorities’, and swift in establishing ‘kangaroo courts’ to pass judgements and excutions against their adversaries. Without the landing of ‘British re-occupation force’, MCP were sufficiently armed, to take over the political power in Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, despite the existing political structures with the Malay rulers still in place.
And it was NO SURPRISE that no sooner Persekutuan Tanah Melayu was established in 1948, with full agreement of the Malay Rulers and UMNO, as a TRANSITIONAL GOVERNMENT on the road to FULL INDEPENDENCE, the MCP took to the jungle and started ARMED INSURGENCY against the TRANSITIONAL GOVERNMENT of Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, forcing the Government to decree a STATE OF EMERGENCY.
During the 12-year EMERGENCY YEARS from 1948-1960, the Persekutuan Tanah Melayu was in a STATE OF WAR with the mainly IMMIGRANT CHINESE MEMBERS of the MCP. Police stations were attacked and burnt down, power stations were bombed and incapacitated, railway locomotives were derailed, water dams were destroyed and drained off, members of the armed forces and civilians alike were maimed and killed, and hundreds of other atrocities. Due to those atrocities perpetrated, the COMMUNISTS were later known as COMMUNIST TERRORISTS(CTs).
With a combined efforts of the Government, members of Commonwealth, Malay Regiments and other local security services personnels, and the rakyat alike, the CTs were HEAVILY DEFEATED. By the time Persekutuan Tanah Melayu gained FULL INDEPENDENCE in 1957, the CTS, with their Commander-in-Chief Chin Peng directing operations from China, began to withdraw their units to the jungles bordering southern Thailand. And to avoid further onslaught by the armed forces of independent Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, the CTs were finally ordered to ‘run for their lives’ to southe hilly terrains of southern Thailand. By the year 1960, the Government declared victory over the CTs and ended the state of emergency.
By 1963, Malaysia was officially formed, by the MERGER of 11 states of Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, and British former colonies of Singapore, Sarawak and Sabah.
For Malaysians, whenever they talk about INDEPENDENCE DAY, and MALAYSIA DAY, they are infact talking about INDEPENDENT FROM THE BRITISH, and FREEDOM FROM TERRORIST ACTS OF THE COMMUNISTS.