Post PRU13 Reflections 1 – SOSIAL CONTRACT Were Written Documents

SOCIAL CONTRACT Were Written Documents

I wrote this article a few years back, and re-posting it as part of  ‘Post PRU13 Reflections’. Here it goes:

Certain bloggers in MT People’s Portal, challenged me, and INSPIRED me,  to prove that the widely-discussed SOCIAL CONTRACT among major races were WRITTEN DOCUMENTS at all. How do I begin…

SOCIAL CONTRACT is the term used to describe a few WRITTEN DOCUMENTS generated during the independence-negotiation years. The negotiations include the FORMULATION of the new nation’s Federal Constitution. The documents include:
1. Joint memorandum of the ruling Alliance Party(consisting of UMNO, MCA and MIC) to independent Commission entrusted with the formulation of the Constitution of Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, the Reids Commission.
2. Proposals by Reids Commission which became DRAFT to the Constitution.
3. The first and original Constitution of Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, in English, Malaya.

Its interesting to note that, the joint memorandum by the ruling Alliance Party include the following:
“Sekalipun kami mengakui bahawasanya di dalam Malaya yang merdeka itu maka kesemua warganegara patutlah diberi hak-hak, kemudahan-kemudahan dan peluang-peluang yang sama…..tetapi kami mengakui bahawasanya ORANG-ORANG MELAYU ITU IALAH ANAK WATAN YANG ASLI DAN BAHAWA MEREKA ITU MEMPUNYAI KEDUDUKAN YANG KHAS TERBIT DARI KEADAAN YANG TERSEBUT, DAN JUGA DENGAN KUAT-KUASA TREATY YANG TELAH DIBUAT ANTARA KERAJAAN BRITISH DENGAN NEGERI-NEGERI MELAYU YANG BERDAULAT. OLEH YANG DEMIKIAN PERLEMBAGAAN ITU PATUTLAH MENGADAKAN SYARAT BAHAWA YANG DI-PERTUAN AGUNG ITU PATUTLAH MEMPUNYAI TANGGUNGAN YANG KHAS BAGI MENGAWALKAN KEDUDUKAN ISTIMEWA ORANG-ORANG MELAYU ITU……MENYIMPANKAN DENGAN BERPATUTAN BANYAKNYA UNTUK ORANG-ORANG MELAYU AKAN TANAH-TANAH, JAWATAN-JAWATAN DALAM PERKHIDMATAN AWAM, PERMIT-PERMIT….BIASISWA-BIASISWA KERAJAAN…..” (Dipetik dari: KONTRAK SOSIAL. Penulis: Dato’ Abdul Manaf Haji Ahmad. Penerbit: UTUSAN PUBLICATIONS 2009).

Those documents are WRITTEN DOCUMENTS, well kept in our National Archives, and have become part and parcel of our history.

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