Posted tagged ‘Article 153’

Understanding CAUSES of Racial Tension in Malaysia

October 17, 2015

I’m not a medical doctor. But I’ve seen enough doctors to understand the difference between SYMPTOMS, SICKNESS, CAUSES and PRESCRIPTIONS.

RACIAL TENSION is the sickness. SYMPTOMS of the RACIAL TENSION sickness include:

  1. Bersih 4.0 rally organised on the eve of this year’s Merdeka Day celebrations, attended by about 100,000 participants, 80% of whom were Malaysian Chinese. The rally unveiled intense hatred among Chinese youths against Malay political leaders, which was symbolised by their acts of stamping their feet on photos of DS Najib Tun Razak, the country’s Prime Minister and UMNO President, and DS Hadi Awang, the President of PAS.
  2. Red Shirts rally organised on 16th September, the Malaysia Day, attended by about 200,000 participants, almost 100% of whom were Malays. Certain section of the Red Shirts rally attempted to ‘storm’ into Petaling Street, also known as ‘Chinatown of Kuala Lumpur’.
  3. Following the two rallies, there were FLURRY OF RACIALLY-CHARGED statements by leaders and bloggers of both sides…each describing the other as RACISTS.

These are all SYMPTOMS, not the CAUSES of the racial tension.

Back to the analogy of a doctor, the doctor has to know the CAUSES of certain disease or sickness, to enable him/her to prescribe the right medicine…to cure the sickness.

Our politicians on both sides of political divide keeps on talking about SYMPTOMS…about stamping on photos of Malay politicians…about Red Shirts attempt to storm Petaling Street….about placards calling abolishing of SJKC….about a deputy minister wanting to ‘lempang’ the Chinese…and such likes.

But what actually triggered all such acts?

Our forefathers, representing all major races, back in early 1950s, had reached certain understandings and agreements, in laying the FOUNDATIONS of the would be independent Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, including formulating the country’s FEDERAL CONSTITUTION. The formulated FEDERAL CONSTITUTION became the embodiment of those understandings and agreements. One of the key agreements  was called the SOCIAL CONTRACT, or can be more accurately described as CITIZENSHIP AGREEMENT.

By the CITIZENSHIP AGREEMENT, over 1.2 million immigrant Chinese nationals, and over 0.3 million immigrant Indian nationals, were conferred citizenship of Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, in return for them recognizing the SPECIAL POSITION of the Malays as the original inhabitants and political rulers of Tanah Melayu states, which were part of the bigger Malay Archipilago. This explains certain Malay-centredness of the formulated Federal Constitution.

However, as decades passed by, the younger generation are beginning to be detached from the history of foundation of Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, and later Malaysia. Worse still, Chinese-centred political parties like DAP, since its formation, have been drumming the MALAYSIAN MALAYSIA concept…which directly or indirectly call for the abolition of the Malays/Non-Malays and Bumiputra/Non-bumiputra divide.

Such CALLS and DEMANDS by DAP is indeed a major CAUSE of racial tension in this country.

Had DAP and their Chinese supporters accepted the terms of SOCIAL CONTRACT or the CITIZENSHIP AGREEMENT, the Malays would not have any complain at all. Despite the Chinese dominating the economic sector of the country, the Malays have nothing against it. The Malays can accept that whoever works harder deserve to be better rewarded.

I really hope my writing will be analysed and studied by leaders and followers of DAP, Gerakan, MCA and other Chinese-based parties, and NGOs too.

Lets not discuss the SYMPTOMS, but lets honestly find out the actual CAUSES of ‘diseases’ which are impacting us. Then only, we will find the RIGHT PRESCRIPTION.

Advertisements

Post PRU13 Reflections 1 – SOSIAL CONTRACT Were Written Documents

May 25, 2013

SOCIAL CONTRACT Were Written Documents

I wrote this article a few years back, and re-posting it as part of  ‘Post PRU13 Reflections’. Here it goes:

Certain bloggers in MT People’s Portal, challenged me, and INSPIRED me,  to prove that the widely-discussed SOCIAL CONTRACT among major races were WRITTEN DOCUMENTS at all. How do I begin…

SOCIAL CONTRACT is the term used to describe a few WRITTEN DOCUMENTS generated during the independence-negotiation years. The negotiations include the FORMULATION of the new nation’s Federal Constitution. The documents include:
1. Joint memorandum of the ruling Alliance Party(consisting of UMNO, MCA and MIC) to independent Commission entrusted with the formulation of the Constitution of Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, the Reids Commission.
2. Proposals by Reids Commission which became DRAFT to the Constitution.
3. The first and original Constitution of Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, in English, Malaya.

Its interesting to note that, the joint memorandum by the ruling Alliance Party include the following:
“Sekalipun kami mengakui bahawasanya di dalam Malaya yang merdeka itu maka kesemua warganegara patutlah diberi hak-hak, kemudahan-kemudahan dan peluang-peluang yang sama…..tetapi kami mengakui bahawasanya ORANG-ORANG MELAYU ITU IALAH ANAK WATAN YANG ASLI DAN BAHAWA MEREKA ITU MEMPUNYAI KEDUDUKAN YANG KHAS TERBIT DARI KEADAAN YANG TERSEBUT, DAN JUGA DENGAN KUAT-KUASA TREATY YANG TELAH DIBUAT ANTARA KERAJAAN BRITISH DENGAN NEGERI-NEGERI MELAYU YANG BERDAULAT. OLEH YANG DEMIKIAN PERLEMBAGAAN ITU PATUTLAH MENGADAKAN SYARAT BAHAWA YANG DI-PERTUAN AGUNG ITU PATUTLAH MEMPUNYAI TANGGUNGAN YANG KHAS BAGI MENGAWALKAN KEDUDUKAN ISTIMEWA ORANG-ORANG MELAYU ITU……MENYIMPANKAN DENGAN BERPATUTAN BANYAKNYA UNTUK ORANG-ORANG MELAYU AKAN TANAH-TANAH, JAWATAN-JAWATAN DALAM PERKHIDMATAN AWAM, PERMIT-PERMIT….BIASISWA-BIASISWA KERAJAAN…..” (Dipetik dari: KONTRAK SOSIAL. Penulis: Dato’ Abdul Manaf Haji Ahmad. Penerbit: UTUSAN PUBLICATIONS 2009).

Those documents are WRITTEN DOCUMENTS, well kept in our National Archives, and have become part and parcel of our history.

Explore posts in the same categories: Uncategorized

Tags: , , , , , , , , ,

SOCIAL CONTRACT Were Written Documents

March 15, 2011

Certain bloggers in MT People’s Portal, challenged me, and INSPIRED me,  to prove that the widely-discussed SOCIAL CONTRACT among major races were WRITTEN DOCUMENTS at all. How do I begin…

SOCIAL CONTRACT is the term used to describe a few WRITTEN DOCUMENTS generated during the independence-negotiation years. The negotiations include the FORMULATION of the new nation’s Federal Constitution. The documents include:
1. Joint memorandum of the ruling Alliance Party(consisting of UMNO, MCA and MIC) to independent Commission entrusted with the formulation of the Constitution of Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, the Reids Commission.
2. Proposals by Reids Commission which became DRAFT to the Constitution.
3. The first and original Constitution of Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, in English, Malaya.

Its interesting to note that, the joint memorandum by the ruling Alliance Party include the following:
“Sekalipun kami mengakui bahawasanya di dalam Malaya yang merdeka itu maka kesemua warganegara patutlah diberi hak-hak, kemudahan-kemudahan dan peluang-peluang yang sama…..tetapi kami mengakui bahawasanya ORANG-ORANG MELAYU ITU IALAH ANAK WATAN YANG ASLI DAN BAHAWA MEREKA ITU MEMPUNYAI KEDUDUKAN YANG KHAS TERBIT DARI KEADAAN YANG TERSEBUT, DAN JUGA DENGAN KUAT-KUASA TREATY YANG TELAH DIBUAT ANTARA KERAJAAN BRITISH DENGAN NEGERI-NEGERI MELAYU YANG BERDAULAT. OLEH YANG DEMIKIAN PERLEMBAGAAN ITU PATUTLAH MENGADAKAN SYARAT BAHAWA YANG DI-PERTUAN AGUNG ITU PATUTLAH MEMPUNYAI TANGGUNGAN YANG KHAS BAGI MENGAWALKAN KEDUDUKAN ISTIMEWA ORANG-ORANG MELAYU ITU……MENYIMPANKAN DENGAN BERPATUTAN BANYAKNYA UNTUK ORANG-ORANG MELAYU AKAN TANAH-TANAH, JAWATAN-JAWATAN DALAM PERKHIDMATAN AWAM, PERMIT-PERMIT….BIASISWA-BIASISWA KERAJAAN…..” (Dipetik dari: KONTRAK SOSIAL. Penulis: Dato’ Abdul Manaf Haji Ahmad. Penerbit: UTUSAN PUBLICATIONS 2009).

Those documents are WRITTEN DOCUMENTS, well kept in our National Archives, and have become part and parcel of our history.

REAL CULPRITS In Creating Racial Tension

February 19, 2011

My latest article before this was entitled ‘Highly-Racially-Charged 2010’, after which I have not written much in this blog, but was compelled to gauge the outside world by debating in other blogs, mainly the pro-opposition blogs.

Today, when I descended into one of my favourite ‘playgrounds’, the MT People’s Portal, I came accross many CUT&PASTE post, some even by writers from outside Malaysia, who subscribe to the perception that the present UMNO/BN Government is the party playing the RACIAL CARD for its survival.

Having read all the INTERNATIONAL RUBBISH being served there, I have a few brief comments to make:

1. Malays will never encroach into the Chinese’s RIGHTS to run businesses, to run banks, to become millionaires and even billionaires. And Malays would not mind the Chinese playing SECOND FIDDLE(in film industry, they call it supporting actors) to Malays in politics. However, Malays will never accept the Chinese trying to ‘divide and rule’ the Malays, in order to be KING-MAKER’ like what DAP is trying to do.

2. Its a FALLACY that the 153-related policies only benefited certain ‘Malay elites’ close to UMNO. Those policies have benefitted the Malays ACCROSS THE BOARD. Access to tertiary education has allowed MOST Malay families to have at least one or two of their siblings graduating from IPTAs and secured good jobs. Who benefited? Their families in the kampungs benefitted. Its a NATURAL TENDENCY that successful Malay-owned companies would employ Malay managers, technocrats, accountants and floor workers. That’s how WEALTH is distributed down.

 3. RACIAL TENSIONS are quite new phenomenon in Malaysia. For over 50 years, Malaysians were living by and large, in PEACE and HARMONY. The present ATMOSPHERE OF RACIAL TENSION only started in the run-up to 2008 GE. Many still do not realize that it was THE OPPOSITION who started playing the RACE CARDS, to provide life-line to political survival of Anwar Ibrahim, with the support of DAP, who took advantage of Anwar’s predicaments. Anwar was the one proclaimed that UMNO have been discriminating the Chinese, and he was the one who promised the Chinese to abolish policies like NEP….all in order to get Chinese votes for himself, to salvage his political career.

 4. Anwar-Kit Siang HATE CAMPAIGN against UMNO managed to stir up Chinese voters. With the timely emergence of Hindraf, claiming that UMNO was involved in ethnic cleansing against the Indians, Pakatan made some gains in 2008 GE, giving further hopes to the Chinese…the time has come to push aside terms of SOCIAL CONTRACT.

5. Sensing that the Chinese are beginning to ‘naik kepala’ by beginning to questions TERMS OF THE SOCIAL CONTRACT, provisions and policies related to the SPECIAL POSITION OF MALAYS/BUMIPUTRAS, MALAY RIGHTS NGOs began to emerge, includingl. No doubt, their emergence increase the tension further.

However, lets not forget that, the present HIGHLY-RACIALLY-CHARGED Malaysia is the results of ‘pakatan’ Anwar-Kit Siang, hatched in the run-up to the 2008 GE, rather than being planned or started by the UMNO/BN Government or the Malay NGOs.

KETUANAN MELAYU Debate Rages On

December 12, 2010

The term KETUANAN MELAYU appears to be like the sound of DEAFENING THUNDER to some people, that whenever the term is uttered, it makes them pressing their palms firmly against their ears, so as not to allow their EARDRUM to catch the sound of the THUNDEROUS WORD.

Chua Soi Lek, the President of MCA , took an extra step during the BN Convention recently by advocating that certain terms like ‘Ketuanan Melayu’, ‘Pendatang’ and a few other terms considered ‘deregatory’ by the Chinese be made a ‘taboo’, or should not be used at all.

As usual, Chua Soi Lek had good intentions, even when he ‘entertained’ his mistress in the Batu Pahat Hotel. His thought then could be, what’s wrong  to have  a bit of ‘relaxing indulgences’ to regain the much required freshness and energy to further carry out the more important task of serving MCA.

Ever since CSL was defeated by Ong Tee Keat in the earlier MCA Presidential Election, he began to portray himself as a ‘Chinese Champion’ of a sort, by adopting political stands and postures which are normally identified with the chauvanist DAP. He had carved out ‘rebel within the party’ image. Despite that, due to certain national problems linked to Ong Tee Keat, and the re-election process of MCA President which involved a three-cornered fight involving Ong Ka Ting too, besides him and Ong Tee Keat,  resulted into the most UNEXPECTED, Chua Soi Lek became the SURPRISE winner. 

We can understand, its not easy for CSL to immediately switch from his ‘rebel within the party’ image, to that of the leader of the second most powerful party in the BN, the President of MCA, the founding partner of the Alliance Party, and one of the backbones of the BN.

CSL realized that overwhelming majority of his Chinese community have abandoned MCA, as clearly shown in the last GE. As proven by Anwar and Kit Siang, the easiest way to ‘pinch’ Chinese support from the BN was to portray MCA as the ‘yes man of UMNO’, ‘little brother’ of UMNO’ and other demeaning labels, besides portraying UMNO as an ‘anti-Chinese monster’, robbing everything fom the Chinese, to be given to the ‘UMNO elites’.

While being sidelined for over two years by Ong Tee Keat, CSL could probably be taken in by the Anwar-Kit Siang HATE CAMPAIGN against UMNO/BN. And, at a time when MCA was sorting out its leadership crisis, the Anwar-Kit Siang-like  postures adopted by CSL quitely but  slowly gained some following from among the MCA members who were stirred by by the Anwar-Kit Siang HATE CAMPAIGN, and were struggling to find leaders who would stand up for them.

Now, CSL is at the helm of MCA, the second biggest party in the BN.  By proposing that all BN component parties be regarded as EQUAL PARTNERS, many questioned whether CSL, as the new President of MCA,  has fully grasped how BN really works. Looking from the point of view of UMNO members,  BN has to be run like a SDN BHD company or Public-listed companies, rather than as an MCA COOPERATIVE or Koperasi. Major decisions of cooperatives are through their EGM where one member has one vote. Whereas in SDN BHD company or Public-listed companies, the strength of the ‘members’ or directors depend on the number of shares they own in the companies. Obviously its not logical to think of a situation whereby DS Najib, the President of UMNO who represent s over 3 million UMNO members be AT PAR with the Presidebt of a small Sabah-based BN component party having less than fifty thousand members.

In many ways,  BN is run very mush like the United Nations, where there are certain levels  and matrices of powers being exercised, the most powerful being the Security Council. In the actual General Assembly, every member state has only one vote, but without the existence of bodies like the Security Council , with limited number of permanent and temporary members, the UN would not be effective in administrating WORLD PEACE as it is doing now.

CSL knows very well that there is no such term as ‘Ketuanan Melayu’ in any part of our Federal Constitution. So are terms like ‘Social Contract’. YET, the whole letters and spirit of the Federal Constitution gave rise to the accepted terms like ‘Social Contract’ and ‘Ketuanan Melayu’.

The ‘Malay Centredness’ of our Federal Constitution is TOO APPARENT TO DENY. Bahasa Melayu, the language of the Malays was made the NATIONAL LANGUAGE. Islam, the religion of the Malays was made the RELIGION OF THE FEDERATION. Each of the states are headed by MALAY KINGS who collectively appoint the YANG DIPERTUAN AGUNG, the KING OF MALAYSIA. Under our land laws, 50% of land has to be reserved to the MALAYS forever. And, Article 153 of the Federal Constitution clearly spell out SPECIAL POSITION OF MALAYS. 

All the above provisions are allowed for in our Federal Constitution after taking into considerations the POLITICAL HISTORY of the region, where Malays have always been WORLDLY RECOGNISED  as the ETHNIC PEOPLE and ESTABLISHED RULERS of this part of the MALAY ARCHIPELAGO, before any history book was ever written.

‘Ketuanan Melayu’ is not about Malay supremacy over other races. ‘Ketuanan Melayu’ is not about Malays becoming MASTERS and the other races becoming SLAVES, as coined by both Anwar and Kit Siang. ‘Ketuanan Melayu’ is in fact the recognition of the POLITICAL HISTORY of this region where MALAYS were the ORIGINAL INHIBITANTS AND RULERS, and for that reason, the Malays were accorded SPECIAL POSITION in our Federal Constitution.

To deny the realities of ‘Social Contract’, ‘Ketuanan Melayu’, and other related terms, Chua Soi Lek will only make himself, if not his party, IRRELEVANT. During the early years of the Late Lim Chong Yew, MCA used to split apart, when the ‘young turks’ within MCA tried to do exactly what Chua Soi Lek is trying to repeat now. In such difficulties, UMNO proved to be able to stand firm on their history-blessed grounds, and would not hesitate to choose to work with even smaller group of Chinese who uphold the spirits of the SOCIAL CONTRACT agreed upon by the FOUNDING FATHERS of our blessed nation.

Underlying Trends As Extracted From Galas and Batu Sapi

November 5, 2010

Congratulation to BN for the DOUBLE VICTORY in Galas and Batu Sapi. For the first time, after several years, we can congratulate MCA for their HARD WORK in winning over the Chinese voters.

Lets not spend much time on Batu Sapi in sabah. Sabah is unquestionably a BN stronghold, congratulation to UMNO Sabah, and other BN component parties. The fact that PKR, which represented PKR-DAP-PAS yet to be officially registered coalition, won less than 30% of the votes is enough testimony of BN standing in Sabah.

Accross the South China Sea, Galas bye-election results have thrown some light s as to the underlying trend in the West Malaysia(formerly Persekutuan Tanah Melayu) political landscape.

As PAS admitted, there have been about 9% swing among Orang Asli votes, and 7% swing of Malay votes, towards the BN. And as analysed the MCA President, BN won by 200 votes majority among the Chinese voters.

The positive trend for BN is the indications that more and more Chinese voters are BACK TO THEIR SENSES, after being TEMPTED by Anwar and Lim Kit Siang to turn their back on the BN in the 2008 General Election. With the support of the Indians towards the BN RESTORED almost to the old-time level, the Chinese voters who are not yet back to their senses should seriously RE-CONSIDER THEIR POLITICAL GAMBLE.

With matters like Articles 153 of the Constitution considered RESOLVED after the recently-concluded UMNO General Assembly, UMNO and BN component parties should no longer be bogged down by the pre-independent SOCIAL CONTRACT.

Instead, all efforts must be focussed on the ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION PROGRAMMES which will increase the ECONOMIC CAKE of the country, to be enjoyed by all.

Malaysia has been a land of PEACE, STABILITY and PROSPERITY. Let not be FOOLED by desperado politicians, who survive on STIRRING UP crisis and chaos.

Najib, the DEFENDER of Malay Rights

October 21, 2010

Congratulation to Najib Tun Razak for delivering a LANDMARK SPEECH in officiating this year’s UMNO General Assembly.

Not many would dispute that it was the BEST SPEECH he has ever delivered. It may have shocked a few, but definitely RE-ASSURING to the Malays/Bumiputras.

The HIGHLIGHT of the speech was when he RE-AFFIRMED that the terms of SOCIAL CONTRACT have been ‘soldered’ in our Federal Constitutions, and certain articles related to it, including Article 153, are IRREVOCABLE, even by over two-third majority in Parliment, or even through emergency decrees.

Its time for all component parties of the BN to streamline their party stands to be consistent with the letter and spirit of the SOCIAL CONTRACT. Lets look forward, and stop looking back at what have been agreed.

Thank you Najib for putting back COMMON SENSE into the hearts and minds of the Malays and Malaysians, and putting back the country on the road of PEACE, STABILITY and PROSPERITY.


%d bloggers like this: