United Malays National Organisation(UMNO) was formed by 43 Malay NGOs 66 years ago, as a ‘vehicle’ for the Malays to oppose the MALAYAN UNION, which would have robbed them of their TRADITIONAL RIGHTS as the original inhabitants and rulers of Tanah Melayu. The MALAYAN UNION was imposed by the then British Administration shortly after the Bristish re-occupied Tanah Melayu following the Japanese surrender. Bitter opposition by the Malays, united under UMNO, forced the British to rescind the Malayan Union, to be replaced by PERSEKUTUAN TANAH MELAYU, in English the Federation of Malaya in 1948.
Under the Federation of Malaya Agreement agreed upon between the British and UMNO/Raja-Raja Melayu, Persekutuan Tanah Melayu was established as a TRANSITIONAL GOVERNMENT on the road to full independence from the British administration. Along the road, UMNO formed the Alliance Party with the Malayan Chinese Association(MCA), which at later stage accepted the Malayan Indian Congress(MIC) as its third partner. Persekutuan Tanah Melayu gained the full independence from the British in 1957.
The success of UMNO-led Alliance Party in administering the independent Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, despite the EMERGENCY YEARS(1948-1960) due to armed insurgency by the Malayan Communist Party(MCP), had led to the formation of Malaysia, by a process of merger of eleven states in Persekutuan Tanah Melayu with British colonies of Singapore , Sabah and Sarawak in 1963. However, Singapore was expelled from Malaysia two years later.
After the emergency, Malaya, and later Malaysia, enjoyed decades of peace, stability and ever increasing prosperity, except for a brief period following the May 1969 General Election, when the opposition parties-led led ‘victory parade’ along the main streets of Kuala Lumpur was misused to shout out and display abusive, deregotary and provocative slogans against the Malays. On 13th May, on the day UMNO also held their own ‘victory parade’, the highly-charged racial sentiments went out of control, and ‘hell broke loose’ into the so-called ’13th May Tragedy’. State of Emergency’ was declared and Parliment suspended. The country was then put under the National Action Council, the MAGERAN.
MAGERAN ruled the country until the General Election was called in 1974. The period between the 13th May Tragedy and the 1974 GE, was for the country’s leaders to reflect upon the socio-economic-political enveloping the country, which led to the worst racial riots the country had ever seen. Those ‘brain-stormings’ and ‘reflections’ resulted into the introduction of a policy which was believe would help maintain the peace and stability of the country in the long-term. The policy was called ‘New Economic Policy'(NEP) with two-pronged objectives of ERADICATING POVERTY and RESTRUCTURING THE SOCIETY.
Whilst the policy of ERADICATING POVERTY would be applied across the races, RESTRUCTURING THE SOCIETY was meant to break the then ongoing identification of races with certain economic field of activity. Children of Malay farmers should not only be confined to farming, and the children of Indian rubber estate workers should not necessarily grow up to be rubber tappers. Besides that, the policy also targeted the increase of Malays/bumiputra equity in the ‘National Wealth’ from 2.5% in 1970, to at least 30% 20 years later, in 1990.
Besides being the ‘master-mind’ behind the NEP which has proven to be one of the most effective instruments in the SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION of the Malays/bumiputras, UMNO and its partners in the Alliance Party also initiated the formation of a bigger coalition of political parties, the BARISAN NASIONAL(BN). Founder members of BN included UMNO, MCA, MIC, Gerakan, PAS, PPP, and all major political parties in Sabah and Sarawak. The formation of the coalition was meant to reduce ‘politickings’ among the parties, which would allow more time for leaders of the parties to focus on socio-economic development of the society, including the implementation of the NEP. The only notable opposition party which did not join the coalition was the DAP.
Since then, UMNO had undergone various tests and tribulations ‘visiting’ the party and the country. We can only be full of praise and admiration in the wisdom in successive UMNO leaders in managing all those tests and tribulations. So much so, UMNO through the Alliance Party, and later the BN, have won all General Elections in the country, from the first in 1954 to the 12th in 2008. Now, UMNO is under the Presidency of DS Mohd Najib Tun Abdul Razak, the 6th Prime Minister of Malaysia. Under his premiership, Malaysia has reached NEW HEIGHTS internationally. Malaysia is now one of the TOP 20 BIGGEST TRADING NATIONS in the world, and the Petronas Twin-Towers, the most imposing structures punctuating the skyline of Kuala Lumpur, the Malaysian capital city, used to be the tallest building in the world in for nearly a decade from the mid-1990s…and still the TALLEST TWIN TOWERS IN THE WORLD until today.
Congratulation to United Malays National Organisation(UMNO), for their role in SHAPING THE HISTORY of Persekutuan Tanah Melayu and Malaysia, PROTECTING THE RIGHTS OF MALAYS/BUMIPUTRAS AND ALL MALAYSIANS and ENSURING PEACE, STABILITY AND PROSPERITY for all Malaysians to enjoy, live on and inherit to their future generations.
Again, congratulation to UMNO on their GLORIOUS BIRTHDAY.